Category: Urology

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INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS

BACKGROUND Interstitial cystitis is a condition causing pain in lower abdomain , urge of increased urinatation along with pelvic pain. This pain ranges from uneasiness to serious pain. The condition causing  range of ailments is also known as painful bladder disorder. Urinary bladder is a hollow, muscular organ that stores urine. The bladder expands until...

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HAEMTURIA

BACKGROUND Blood in the  your urine can be disturbing and scary at times. While in numerous reasons, blood in urine (hematuria) can be warning signs of underlying serious disease. Urinary blood that is noticeable just under a magnifying instrument (tiny hematuria) is discovered when your primary care physician tests your urine. In any case, it’s...

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BLADDER CANCERS

Background Bladder cancer happens with uncontrolled growth of epithelial lining of the cells of the urinary bladder. As more cancer cells create, they can frame a tumour and, with time, spread to different pieces of the body. The bladder is an empty organ in the lower pelvis. It has adaptable, muscular dividers that can stretch...

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Benign Prostate Hyperplasia ( BPH)

Introduction  Benign prostatic hyperplasia also commonly termed as “prostate problem”  in male adults is very and physiological problem. Prostate is organ situated around  the proximal part of the male urethra. It is noticed that prostate is enlarged with advancing age of males and these problems become more prominent after the age of 45 to 50...

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Undescended Testis

Undescended Testis Background  An undescended testis is a condition which arises when the testis hasn’t moved into the scrotum (a bag behind the penis) during the time of foetal development. Medically, this condition is known as cryptorchidism.  This condition is not  rare to find at child birth and the total number of cases with  one...

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Kidney and ureteric stones ( Calculous disease of kidney and ureters)

Background  Kidney stones also called as Nephrolithiasis is very common problem across the world with prevalence around 12-15% in the general population with higher recurrence rates of renal stones up to 30%. Through it is commonly seen in males but it’s is also encountered in females frequently. There are multiple dietary and environmental concerns which...

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Kidney cancers

Kidneys are bean shaped organ lying on both the the sides of the abdomain below the diaphragm resting on back muscles. The important function of the kidney is filtration of toxins in the body while maintain the fluid balance in the body. The kidney cancer usually arise from the tubular  lining of the kidneys. These...

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Phimosis

Phimosis is defined as the inability to retract the skin covering the head of the penis. Young boys may not need treatment for phimosis until it makes urinating difficult or causes other problems.  Causes of Phimosis Phimosis only affects uncircumcised males and it is more common in boys than men. It is also common in...

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Prostatic cancers

Introduction  Prostate cancers  accounts for 7% cancer in adult males. Prostate is organ situated around  the proximal part of the male urethra. It is noticed that prostate is enlarged with advancing age of males and these problems become more prominent in old age. Prostatic cancers usually go unnoticed in early stages and give rise to...

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Testicular cancers (Cancer of Testis)

Background  Testicular cancers is a type of cancer that begin in the male reproductive gland known as testicle or testis. It is present inside the scrotum, which is responsible for producing sperm for reproduction and other sex hormones.  This type of cancer is found in very young or old males  and as it remains superficial...