FETAL SURGERY

Fetal medical procedure refers to operations performed on babies still in the belly. These sorts of medical procedure incorporate a wide scope of various techniques and are regularly used to treat a variety of birth defects.

Purpose:

Fetal Surgery medical procedure is performed on babies while as yet developing  in the mother’s womb which are diagnosed with developmental anomalies. This permits specialists to treat a defect as early as possible, possibly keeping it from becoming worse.

Fetal surgery treats following conditions:

-Amniotic band syndrome

-Broncho pulmonary sequestration of the lung

-Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) of the lung

-Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)

-Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS)

-Fetal anaemia

-Lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO)

-Mediastinal teratoma

-Neck mass

-Sacrococygeal teratoma (SCT)

-Spina bifida (myelomeningocele)

-Twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS)

-Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence

-Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS)

Procedure:

While each fetal surgery will vary as indicated by the condition and even the individual, coming up next is a general overview of the most widely recognised procedures:

Needle-Based Therapy: This is the most minimally invasive fetal surgery. This therapy is based on specialists uses a needle guided by ultrasound, permitting them to draw or addition amniotic liquid, give or test blood, and additionally place a shunt. 

Fetoscopic Surgery: In this minimally invasive procedure, a little entry point is made on the abdomen so a thin tube called a fetoscope can be embedded into the uterus. This permits specialists to take a look at and work on the baby. 

Open Fetal Surgery: In this system, a huge entry point is made over the midsection and another into the uterus. This gives specialists full access to the foetus with the goal that they can perform medical procedure. 

Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment Procedure (EXIT): This methodology is done when the child is probably going to have basic medical problems quickly following birth. It includes making a Cesarean section, using a unique gadget to both open the uterus and control bleeding, then operating on the baby while they remain attached to the placenta. 

Risk:

Because of the complexity of fetal medical procedure, just as the seriousness of the conditions they treat, these techniques accompany the possibility of potential dangers for both the infant and mother. In addition to surgical complications (bleeding and infection), these include the following 

-Early labor and delivery

-Failure to repair defect

-Fetal death

-Gestational diabetes

-Infertility

-Uterine rupture

Families should talk about possible dangers and complications with a specialist before medical procedure

After surgery:

By intervening early, fetal medical procedure can fundamentally improve the quality of life for a youngster and even save their lives. Be that as it may, the result of these medical procedures will rely upon a variety of conditions, for example, the particular condition and its seriousness, the surgery, and the health of the patient.

All in all, patients will stay at the hospitals for a few days after medical procedure with the goal that specialists can screen them for any complications. This will probably include day by day ultrasounds to look at the infant’s condition, just as day by day echocardiograms to check the child’s heart. Mothers will be checked much of the time for indications of preterm labor, infections and other normal issues. After release, moms will probably need to make week after week visits for ultrasounds and different tests. 

At the point when it comes time to deliver the child, mothers who had open fetal medical procedure should convey by means of Cesarean section to keep the surgical wounds from breaking. Mothers who had minimal intrusive fetal medical procedure may at present have the option to deliver vaginally, however you should talk to your doctor.

Consult the best team of gynaecologist and best fetal specialist  surgeons available at The Surgeons House (SHL) in different global locations, please check the link for more details.

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