A little, hard store that structures in the kidneys and is frequently painful when passed. Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that remain together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when going through the urinary tract, however mostly they don’t cause permanent damage.
Kidney stones regularly have no definite, single reason, although a few elements may increase your risk. Kidney stones structure when your urine contains more precious stone framing substances —, for example, calcium, oxalate and uric acid — than the liquid in your urine can dilute. Simultaneously, your urine may lack substances that keep crystals from sticking together, making a perfect situation for kidney stones to form.
KNOWING THE TYPE HELPS YOU DETERMINE THE CAUSE:
CALCIUM STONES: Most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a substance made every day by your liver or consumed from your eating routine. Certain fruits and vegetables, just as nuts and chocolate, have high oxalate content.
STRUVITE STONES: Struvite stones form in response to a urinary tract disease. These stones can develop rapidly and turn out to be very huge, some of the time with few symptoms and little warning.
URIC ACID STONES: Uric acid stones can shape in individual who lose an excessive amount of liquid in light of constant diarrhoea or mal absorption. Certain genetic factors also may increase your risk of uric acid stones.
CYSTIC STONES: These stones structure in individuals with a genetic issue called cystinuria that makes the kidneys discharge too much of a specific amino acid.
How to prevent kidney stones?
STAY HYDRATED: Drinking more water is the most ideal approach to prevent kidney stones. On the off chance that you don’t drink enough, your urine output will be low. Low urine output implies your urine is progressively focused and more averse to break down urine salts that cause stones.
EAT CALCIUM ENRICHED FOODS: The most widely recognized sort of kidney stone is the calcium oxalate stone, driving numerous individuals to accept they ought to abstain from eating calcium. The opposite is true. Low-calcium diets may increase your kidney stone risk and your danger of osteoporosis.
EAT LESS SODIUM: Eating less salt helps keep urine calcium levels lower, the lower the urine calcium, the lower the risk of developing kidney stones.
EAT FEWER OXALATE RICH FOODS: Some kidney stones are made of oxalate, a characteristic compound found in nourishments that ties with calcium in the urine to shape kidney stones. Limiting oxalate-rich nourishments may help prevent the stones from shaping.
EAT LESS ANIMAL PROTEIN: Food high in animal protein are acidic and may expand urine acid. High urine acid may cause both uric acid and calcium oxalate kidney stones.
AVOID VITAMIN C SUPPLEMENTS: Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) supplementation may cause kidney stones, particularly in men. As indicated by one 2013 study Trusted Source, men who took high dosages of nutrient C supplements multiplied their danger of shaping a kidney stone.
EXPLORE HERBAL REMEDIES: Chanca Piedra, otherwise called the “stone breaker,” is a famous home grown people solution for kidney stones. The herb is thought to help prevent calcium-oxalate stones from framing. It’s believed to lessen the size of existing stones.
TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT THE MEDICINES YOU ARE RECENTLY TAKING: Taking certain prescriptions or over-the-counter medications can result in kidney stones.
TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT PREVENTIVE MEASURES: If you’re inclined to specific sorts of kidney stones, certain prescriptions can help control the measure of that material present in your urine. The sort of prescription will depend upon the kind of stones you generally get.
Consult the best team of urologist surgeons available at The Surgeons House (SHL) in different global locations, please check the link for more details.