Kidneys are bean shaped organ lying on both the the sides of the abdomain below the diaphragm resting on back muscles. The important function of the kidney is filtration of toxins in the body while maintain the fluid balance in the body. The kidney cancer usually arise from the tubular lining of the kidneys. These cancers are called “ Renal cell carcinoma” which are most common type of kidney cancers.
Common cause of Kidney cancers
- Old age
- Hypertension induce nephropathies
- Genetic factors and family history of kidney cancers
- Drug abuse for long time
Common symptoms of kidney cancers
- Blood in urine
- Lump in flank region
- Pain in flank and upper abdomain
- Weight loss
- Weakness and loss of appetite
- Symptoms associated with spread of disease like bone pain, back pain, headache, dizziness
Diagnosis and investigations
Once u notice any of these symptoms u should consult ur physician/ surgeon immediately for further examination. Surgeon/clinician after initial examination will advice you blood and urine examination along with ultrasound abdomain.
Once the cancer is suspected patient is advised to Contrast enhanced computerised tomography (CECT) of the abdomain to know the exact location, size of tumour , it’s extent and spread of the tumour. Other investigations which may be useful are Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) , Bone scans, MRI brain or PET scan may be considered depending upon the patients disease.
Treatment of kidney cancers
Once the diagnosis of kidney cancer is confirmed, team of surgeons and cancer specialists discuss the various modalities of treatment available. Surgery remains the main treatment.
Surgery can be performed by laparoscopic or conventional surgery. The routine surgery which is performed for kidney cancers is radical nephrectomy where the kidney and all the cancerous tissue is removed. In case of very small tumours, partial nephrectomy or target cancer tissue therapy can be used. Chemotherapy and immunotherapy plays a considerable role after surgery and in patients where surgery cannot be performed because of patients condition and extensive spread of disease.
Recovery after surgery
Prognosis after surgery and complete removal of tumour is good once detected early and complete treatment is followed. Patients can live normal life after complete treatment. The usual hospital stay after surgery is 3-5 days.
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