Liver Transplant surgery involves replacement of patients diseased liver with a whole or partial healthy liver from another person. It is the second most commonly transplanted major organ after kidney. Usually there are two types of liver donor Deceased donor liver transplant (DDLT) survey where organ is retrieved from brain dead individual and Living Donor liver transplant (LDLT) surgery where the organ is retrieved from living individual. Most of the Asian countries do majority of LDLT transplants where is scarcity of deceased donors, while western countries have mix trend.
Signs & Symptoms of Liver Disease
People who require Liver Transplant usually have the below condition.
- Jaundice – Yellowing of the skin or eyes
- Dark, tea- coloured urine
- Clay coloured stools
- Fluid Retention/ swelling of limbs / ascities
- Blood in vomiting
- Blood in the stools
- Tendency to bleed
- Mental confusion, forgetfulness are features of encephalopathy
Causes of Chronic Liver Injury.
- Viral Hepatitis
- Alcoholic Liver Disease
- Metabolic Liver Disease
- Autoimmune Liver Disease
- Genetic Liver Disease
- Vascular Liver Disease
The patient usually visit the liver specialist/ physician/ transplant surgeon and under go investigations. Radiological investigations like CECT abdomain is done to asses the condition of the liver for both recipient and donor. Once they are decided upon transplant surgery they are registered with hospital authorities and government authorities regulating organ transplant surgeries.
How a Liver Transplant Surgery Done
Transplant surgery involves two surgeries at a time. The living Donor transplant surgery, Donor patient can be operated by routine conventional open surgery which is performed at majority centres and minimal access surgery at centre of very high higher expertise. Once the partial liver ( LDLT) and complete liver in (DDLT) is retrieves from the donor, the liver is transplanted to recipient which is done using conventional open surgery. Since it’s complex and expertise surgery it is done at hospitals with experienced transplant teams. The surgery usually last for 7- 10 hours.
After a Liver Transplant
- Possibly stay in the intensive care unit for a few days.
- Spend 7- 14 days in the hospital. It also depends upon recovery of the donors patient and recipient.
- Have frequent check-ups with ur transplant surgeon as you continue recovering at home.
- Patients are advised to take immunosuppressive medications in post operative period which is continued as advised by herpetologist/ surgeon
The results of liver transplant surgery have improved tremendously with the better surgical care and post operative immunotherapy. Patient live normal life once they recover from there surgery. They have to regularly follow up as advised by the surgeon.
To know more consult our team of Best transplant Surgeons at Surgeons House Limited (SHL) available at different global locations. Please click this link for more details.