Sinusitis is the infection of sinuses located adjacent nasal cavity in maxillary area and frontal bone of skull. The internal tissue lining the sinuses become swollen or inflamed as result of infection. The germs grow and cause an infection when the sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid.
Sinusitis commonly makes the breathing difficult and disturbs the normal mucus draining process, which result in a runny nose. It also swells the area around the nose & eyes. This condition can happen to both adults and children of any age.
Types of sinusitis
The condition of sinusitis can be last for different duration and that is how they fall under 4 major categories, which are:
- Acute sinus infection/ acute bacterial rhino-sinusitis
- Subacute sinus infection
- Chronic sinus infection
- Recurrent sinusitis
Acute sinus infection doesn’t last for a long time, it may get back to normal after 3 to 5 days. Subacute sinus lasts for more time than acute infection, nearly for couple of months (1-3). Chronic lasts for more than 3 months and recurrent has several sinusitis attacks every year.
Conditions of sinus blockage
There are many conditions which can block the sinus, these conditions includes:
- Nasal polyps (a growth in lining of the nose)
- Immune system deficiencies
- Common cold
- Allergic Rhinitis ( allergy to dust, pollution and pollens)
- Deviated septum (a shift in nasal cavity)
Symptoms of Sinusitis
Common symptoms of sinus infection include
- Postnasal drip
- Nasal stuffiness
- Frontal headaches
- Pain around cheek bones
- Pain in the ear and teeth
- Sore throat
- Bad breath
- Thick, discoloured nasal discharge
- Reduced sense of smell and taste
- Tenderness ( pain on touch) under the eyes or on the bridge of the nose
Treatment for Sinusitis
Multiple treatment options are available for sinusitis, which depends on the type and condition of the disease. Their conservative treatment includes antibiotics, nasal decongestant sprays, anti allergic medications and avoiding allergic causes.
Surgery remains the mainstay for the treatment in case which are not responding to medications, recurrent infections of the sinuses, chronic sinusitis sinusitis associated with nasal polyps and deviated nasal septum. The common procedures done for sinusitis is Endoscopic sinus surgery, sinus polypoidal excisions and associated correction of deviated nasal septum. The aim of the this surgery to is drain the infection and clear the opening of the sinuses.
The results after surgery are excellent as patients get immediate relief from there chronic problems. There hospital stay is usually 1-2 days. They can return to work as soon they start feeling comfortable on medications.
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