Vaginal infection

Vaginal Infections are the infection caused in the vagina because of various known and unknown reasons. In some cases, it can cause discomfort, discharge and vaginal odour. 

What are the signs & symptoms of vaginal infection: 

Vaginal infections can be difficult to understand sometimes because some of them has no symptoms. You should visit a doctor if you notice any peculiar problem/ discomfort. Below are some of the known symptoms of vaginal infection: 

  • Vaginal itching
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Pain during urination
  • A change in the amount of discharge from your vagina
  • Abnormal colour of vaginal discharge

What causes vaginal infections?

Genitals are very sensitive area, small discomfort can lead to a major problem. It is very important to get diagnosed on time before proceeding to the final treatment. Although not all the causes of infection can be understood, some of them are still non specified. 

However, the most common causes of vaginal infections are mentioned below 

Bacterial infections: Bacterial infection of vagina can be caused by the overgrowth of such bacterias present in the vagina. 

Poor hygiene: The vagina already has bacterias, keeping it unclean can increase the chances the number of bacterias present there and leads to vaginal infection. 

Yeast infections: The vagina naturally has various anti fungal bacterias which can be affected by many causes such as regular doses of certain antibiotics. Yeast infection is particularly one of those infection caused by the imbalance fungus in the vagina, usually the overgrowth of fungi causes yeast infection. 

Trichomoniasis: Some vaginal infections can be contracted during sexual intercourse, trichomoniasis is one of such infection. 

Non absorbent underwear: Undergarments which do not absorb sweat can capture the moisture and leads to the growth of unnecessary bacterias and yeasts. 

Vaginal atrophy: When the estrogen level decreases in a female body, then it can cause vaginal thinning and dryness, these conditions can result into inflammation or certain irritation. Some of the common hormone reduction periods are menopause, breastfeeding, etc. 

Irritants: As mentioned above, small discomfort can cause infection or inflammation of the vagina. Some of the irritants include soaps, vaginal washes, perfume, irritating fabric of undergarments, tight clothes, etc.

What are the preventions for vaginal infection:

Some vaginal infection can be very difficult to prevent, but others can be avoided by taking care of certain things such as:

  1. Use of protection ( barrier contraceptives) during sexual intercourse.
  2. Change your underpants everyday.
  3. Avoid wearing uncomfortable underpants.
  4. Wear breathable fabrics like cotton
  5. Take care of personal hygiene

Treatment for vaginal infection:

The causes of vaginal infections can be many so once you are diagnosed correctly, then your doctor would suggest a suitable treatment for you. 

Abnormal vaginal discharge for persistent times should be considered for consultation with your gynaecologist. She will do appropriate examination and take vaginal swabs and rule out any suspicious  lesions of cancer and chronic infection. Most of the vaginal infections get cured with medical treatment and maintaining personal precautions. 

To consult with best team of gynaecologist available at  The Surgeons House (SHL) in different global locations, please click this link for more details. 

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