Breast surgery as the name suggests involves surgery of the thorax by placing the standardised instruments of the breast diseases. Since Breast lumps are most common ailments seen in reproductive age group of the females and various array of the disease are associated are present. With the advancements of techniques and improvisation of surgical skills the surgical results have become excellent with time.
Indication of Breast surgery
- Breast cancers
- Breast cystic disease
- Fibroadenoma of the breast
- Breast sinus excision
- Breast abscess
- Gynacomazia in male population
- Fibroadenosis disease of Breast
Surgical procedures for breast disease
- Lumpectomy in Breast lumps
- Excision biopsy of the lumps
- Breast conservation surgery
- Mastectomy (Complete Removal is the Breast)
- Modified Radical mastectomy ( in cases Of breast cancers)
- Breast reconstruction surgery
- Breast cosmetic surgery( Breast reduction or breast enhancement surgery)
- Drainage of breast abscess
- Mammary gland excision in gynacomazia
Once you are planned for surgery the surgeon will explain all the details , it’s risk involved , informed consent and recovery protocols after the surgery they are planning to perform. Usually the length of the procedure will depend upon the extent of the surgery.
- Surgery is performed under General anaesthesia
- Surgery is performed in supine position
- Incision is planned according to the surgery to be performed.
- In cases of mastectomy, the entire breast is removed along with fat in axilla depending upon the spread of the disease in cancer patients.
- Breast conservation and reconstruction are usually preferred modes of surgery.
- The diseased part is removed and drain is placed according to extent of resection to remove excess of fluid after surgery. Compression dressing is usually done with sling given to patients to provide support in case of complete removal of breast.
Recovery after surgery
- The patient might be kept in surgical post operative recovery unit for initial observation and management.
- Bleeding, infection of the wound or flap and seroma ( collection of fluid ion the operative area) are the risks involved with this surgery.
- Diet is usually give once patient is comfortable sitting with support.
- Early mobilisation of the patient is recommended.
- Patients are usually discharged in 1-2 days.
- Dressing needs to be changed as advised by your clinician
- Follow up treatment in form of medications is very important in case of breast cancers.
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