Hearing loss that happens gradually with your age (presbycusis) which is normal physiological phenomenon. Many individuals between the age of 65 and 75 have some level of hearing loss. For those older than 75 that number is around 1 in 2.
Hearing loss is defined as one of three types:
- Conductive (involves outer or middle ear)
- Sensorineural (involves inner ear)
- Mixed (combination of the two)
- Muffling of speech and other sounds
- Difficulty in understanding words, especially against background noise or in a crowd
- Trouble hearing consonants
- Frequently asking others to speak more slowly, clearly and loudly
- Needing to turn up the volume of the television or radio
- Withdrawal from conversations
- Avoidance of some social settings
Damage to the inner ear: Maturing and exposure to the loud noise can cause mileage on the hairs or nerve cells in the cochlea that impart sound signs to the mind. At the point when these hairs or nerve cells are harmed or missing, electrical signs aren’t transmitted as effectively, and hearing loss happens.
High pitch tones may get muted to you. It might get hard for you to choose words against background noise.
Development of earwax. Earwax can hinder the ear trench and prevent conduction of sound waves. Earwax removal can help reestablish your hearing.
Ear infection and unusual bone developments or tumours. In the external or centre ear, any of these can cause hearing loss.
Cracked eardrum (tympanic film aperture): Uproarious impacts of commotion, unexpected changes in pressure, jabbing your eardrum with an item and contamination can make your eardrum break and influence your hearing.
HOW IT IS DIAGNOSED?
- Physical exam
- General screening tests
- App-based hearing tests
- Tuning fork tests
- Audiometer tests
The treatment is directed to towards treating the cause and rectifying the issues associated with hearing loss. The treatment of planned after asserting the diagnosis and treatment of the cause.
Removal of wax: Earwax blockage is a reversible reason for hearing loss. Your primary care physician may remove earwax using pull or a little instrument with a circle on the end.
Surgeries: A few kinds of hearing loss can be treated with medical procedure, including variations from the norm of the ear drum or bones of hearing. In the event that you’ve had rehashed infections with tireless liquid, your Surgeons embed little cylinders that help your ears channel out the infection outside.
Portable hearing assistants: In the event that your hearing loss is because of harm to your internal ear, a portable amplifier can be useful. An audiologist can talk about with you the expected advantages of an amplifier and fit you with a gadget. Open fit guides are as of now the most mainstream, because of fit and highlights advertised.
Cochlear implants: In the event that you have increasingly serious hearing loss and addition restricted profit by ordinary portable hearing assistants, at that point a cochlear implantation will be an alternative. Dissimilar to a listening device that intensifies sound and guides it into your ear waterway, a cochlear embed sidesteps harmed or nonworking parts of your inward ear and legitimately animates the meeting nerve. An audiologist, alongside a clinical specialist who has some expertise in scatters of the ears, nose and throat (ENT), can talk about the dangers and advantages.
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